One of the most anticipated science fiction shows, for me anyway, is, the upcoming Apple TV Plus series based on the books by Isaac Asimov. During the company’s WWDC keynote on Monday, we finally got a look at the , starring Jared Harris.
If you’ve never heard of Foundation, a search of any sci-fi “best of” list will find it near the top. It’s a staple of the genre, one I’ve read multiple times. The covers by artist Michael Whelan were so influential I have three signed prints of them hanging in my office. They, and the books, opened my mind to what’s possible in fiction and writing in general, and in no small part inspired me to write sci-fi myself.
These books are legendary, fascinating and — as written — would make really, really boring television.
Don’t get me wrong, I love them. But there are lots of reasons they’ve never made it to the big or small screen in the nearly 80 years since the short stories that made up the basis of the series were first published. Consider that Dune, another classic of the genre (and in some ways a counterpoint to the Foundation series), came out almost 15 years after the first Foundation novel, and has already had two made-for-TV miniseries (2000’s Dune and 2003’s Children of Dune) and (with ).
Here’s why the Foundation books have had trouble enticing filmmakers, and why I’m still optimistic.
(Mild-ish spoilers to follow, if you’ve never read the books.)
What is Foundation?
The Foundation series could be accurately retitled “The History of the Decline and Fall of the Galactic Empire,” after Edward Gibbon’s multivolume history of the end of the Roman Empire, which was one of Asimov’s main influences. The sprawling empire in the books has existed for thousands of years and covers millions of planets. It’s about to collapse, leading to 30,000 years of darkness. Using the predictive mathematical power of “psychohistory,” developed by a character named Hari Seldon, a small group of people aim to reduce that to a “mere” 1,000 years.
The original trilogy of books is really five short stories and four novellas. Three decades later, Asimov added two sequels, and after that, two prequels.
It’s hard to overstate Foundation’s influence. Huge parts of Star Wars, the aforementioned Dune, plus countless other fictional and nonfictional people have been directly inspired by Asimov’s incredible series.
It’s got spaceships, robots, galaxy-wide conflicts and the fates of hundreds of billions of people hanging in the balance. What’s not to like?
There are two main problems when it comes to adapting this series, or even just the first book, for a film or television series. Many smart people have been trying for decades.
The first, and most obvious, is the sheer scale of the thing. The first book alone covers nearly 200 years. If you stick with just the written content from the series, it spans nearly 600 years.
In book form, this works fine. The ideas and setting are so compelling, what amounts to a series of short/short-ish stories with different characters is still very interesting. It’s one of the reasons the series is still popular.
However, TV is a very different medium than books. With few exceptions, what viewers want in a TV show is characters. Good, bad, doesn’t really matter as long as they’re compelling. By its very nature, Foundation precludes having characters an audience can really latch onto. This is the second main problem.
In what amounts to a series of interconnected stories, there aren’t many opportunities for deep character explorations, character growth, or, to be honest, characters. This is the pinnacle of old-school hard sci-fi. Characters are, for the most part, just there to further the plot or explain an idea. Many are nothing more than names, their stilted dialogue only conveying information. Even Hari Seldon, the only character to appear in some form in multiple stories, dies early in the first book and doesn’t even have an elaborate death scene. He does, however, have the two prequels to flush out his backstory. The time jumps are so substantial, nearly every character dies “off screen” and is never mentioned again.
To put it another way, there isn’t much in the way of emotions in Foundation. It’s about things. Again, this isn’t a criticism. They’re brilliant for what they are, but they’re books, and by the nature of what they are, converting them to TV is going to be seriously difficult. The very thing that makes them interesting is going to be next to impossible to translate to screen.
A lesser issue, though certainly related to the difficulty, is the wide avoidance of action or direct conflict. “Violence is the last refuge of the incompetent,” one character says. The problem is, violence makes for great TV. Some form is essentially required in big-budget sci-fi shows. Huge space battles, inherent in the premise of the books, are promised then largely avoided. Remember Battle of the Bastards in Game of Thrones? One of the most epic battle scenes ever put on TV? Now imagine if that had been talked about for six seasons, built up by plot and hype for years, and then right before it begins Jon Snow and Ramsay Bolton meet up in a tavern and sign a trade treaty, roll credits. That is Foundation.
One thing is clear from the trailer, Apple is throwing a lot of money at this thing. It looks absolutely gorgeous in the teaser clip. It’s clear they’re taking it seriously. That kind of money helps, for sure, but it by no means guarantees quality. The eighth season of Game of Thrones involved a lot of money too, but.
After decades of different directors and studios trying to make something out of Foundation, the production company Skydance is backing David S. Goyer as producer and showrunner. Skydance has some solid sci-fi credits, like Star Trek Beyond, and some iffy sci-fi credits, like Star Trek Into Darkness. Skydance is basically just the money, though. Goyer is writing and running, and he seems to know his way around a story: He wrote or co-wrote Dark City, Blade and Batman Begins, as well as many other… well, let’s just say not overly outstanding movies.
(Some mild spoilery extrapolations below.)
Diving into IMDb credits, we can make a few assumptions. as Hari Seldon will be excellent. He’s fantastic in everything, and if you haven’t watched the , you must. He’s signed on for all 10 episodes of the first season, which is a solid sign they’re not making the entirety of the first book. Not when multiple other actors are also in all 10 episodes.
Then there’s Finnish actress Laura Birn as Demerzel. It’s a bit in the weeds, but Eto Demerzel is actually a pseudonym used by R. Daneel Olivaw, a robot from Asimov’s Robot series (the books; no relation to the movie). This is notable because this character wasn’t in the original trilogy, only the prequels, giving a hint about what will be covered in the show. It’s also a potentially handy device for Goyer and the other creators to have an essentially immortal character that audiences can identify across multiple seasons. That is, if this series goes for several seasons and covers more of the hundreds of years described in the books.
Lou Llobell in the role of Gaal is a welcome hint that this production will be a more diverse depiction of the future than the books suggested — though whether the TV version of Gaal will get a more expanded story arc than the literary iteration of the character remains to be seen.
So how will this all work? As a huge fan of the books, I hate to say… I hope the series just uses the books as a basis for setting and ideas and then runs with it. More like. Because otherwise, it’s going to be really boring. That, to me, would be the worst case scenario. “As long as it’s not boring” is my main wish. The trailer certainly looks promising, but it’s possible to cut any movie or show into a trailer that looks interesting.
If it’s good, and there’s a second season, that almost certainly means the Mule — a key character — will come into play, which could make for very interesting television.
Foundation is slated for release on. In the meantime, I highly recommend .
New movie calendar for 2020 and 2021 following coronavirus delays
Uber Buys Postmates for $2.65 Billion
SAN FRANCISCO — Uber has agreed to acquire the food delivery start-up Postmates for $2.65 billion as it aims to grow its presence in on-demand food delivery while its core ride-hailing business struggles.
The companies announced the all-stock deal on Monday morning. Uber will combine Postmates with its own food delivery subsidiary, Uber Eats, which has been growing during the coronavirus pandemic. Postmates will continue to operate under its own name.
Food delivery apps, which connect drivers, restaurants and customers, have grown quickly in recent years, fueled by venture capital and armies of contract workers. But the apps offer very similar services, leading to heavy competition and pressure to keep fees low. While more people have been using delivery services during the pandemic, profits have been elusive.
As a result, delivery app companies have circled one another, aiming to make deals to gain scale. Postmates previously discussed possible deals with DoorDash, the largest service in the United States,and another rival, Grubhub, according to two people with knowledge of the talks.
Together, Postmates and Uber Eats would have a 37 percent share of food delivery sales in the United States, according to Edison Trends, which tracks credit card spending. DoorDash would remain the largest player with 45 percent, while Grubhub would have 17 percent.
Uber is looking for growth as people stay home during the pandemic and its ride-hailing business struggles. In May, Uber posted a $2.9 billion loss for the first three months of the year and announced it was laying off 14 percent of its work force. But revenue for its Uber Eats division rose 53 percent. From April to June, Uber said bookings through Uber Eats more than doubled compared to the previous year.
Daniel Ives, an industry analyst with Wedbush Securities, said in a note to clients that the deal was a “defensive and offensive acquisition in the food delivery space for Uber at a time with its core ride-sharing business seeing massive headwinds in this COVID-19 pandemic.”
Postmates, last valued by investors at $2.4 billion, is smaller than the other players, with about 10 million customers. Founded in 2011, it was among the first start-ups to use part-time “gig workers” to deliver customers whatever they wanted at the tap of a smartphone button.
Uber said Pierre-Dimitri Gore-Coty, Uber’s head of food delivery, would continue to run the global delivery business. Bastian Lehmann, chief executive of Postmates, will stay on during a regulatory review of the deal; longer-term integration plans are still being worked out, according to Uber.
In announcing the deal, the companies shared a few financial details about Postmates. In the first quarter of 2020, Postmates had revenue of $107 million and more than 115,000 merchants who used the platform. Uber said Postmates has performed especially well in the Southwest, including Phoenix, Las Vegas, Los Angeles and San Diego.
Dara Khosrowshahi, Uber’s chief executive, said Uber may integrate certain Postmates services, including its $9.99 per month subscription that provides no-fee delivery on any orders over $12.
“You can expect to see some of these tactics at Uber Eats,” he said on a conference call with Wall Street analysts. “We think it’s just a wonderful combination.”
Postmates has raised more than $900 million in funding from investors including Spark Capital and Tiger Global Management, according to PitchBook. It had filed to go public.
Adam Satariano contributed reported from London.
Robotic scientists will ‘speed up discovery’
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have unveiled a robotic colleague that has been working non-stop in their lab throughout lockdown.
The £100,000 programmable researcher learns from its results to refine its experiments.
“It can work autonomously, so I can run experiments from home,” explained Benjamin Burger, one of the developers.
Such technology could make scientific discovery “a thousand times faster”, scientists say.
A new report by the Royal Society of Chemistry lays out a “post-Covid national research strategy”, using robotics, artificial intelligence and advanced computing as part of a suite of technologies that “must be urgently embraced” to help socially distancing scientists continue their search for solutions to global challenges.
The robotic scientist is currently embarking on a series of tests to find a catalyst that could speed up the reaction that takes place inside solar cells.
But it could, according to Prof Andy Cooper, the materials scientist who has put the robot to work in his lab, be used in the fight against Covid-19.
“We’ve had a lot of interest [in the robot] from labs that are doing Covid research,” he told BBC News.
“Covid, climate change – there are lots of problems that really need international co-operation. So our vision is we might have robots like this all across the world connected by a centralised brain which can be anywhere. We haven’t done that yet – this is the first example – but that’s absolutely what we’d like to do.”
Socially distant science
Today, in a world where scientists also need to limit their time in the lab and maintain social distance from each other, the robo-scientist has come into its own.
“It doesn’t get bored, doesn’t get tired, works around the clock and doesn’t need holidays,” Dr Burger joked.
On a more serious note, he said that the robot had transformed the speed at which he could carry out research. “It can easily go through thousands of samples,” he said, “so it frees up my time to focus on innovation and new solutions.”
Like robotics designed for research in Space, machines like this could also take on riskier experiments – in harsher laboratory environments or using more toxic substances.
That, according to Deirdre Black, head of research and innovation at the Royal Society of Chemistry, is why UK science needs to build new technologies into its infrastructure.
“This is about human beings harnessing all of these digital technologies, so that they can go faster – discover and innovate faster and explore bigger and more complex problems, like decarbonisation, preventing and treating disease, and making our air cleaner,” she told BBC News.
So does this mean that while many scientists have been in lockdown, the machines have come to take their jobs?
“Absolutely not,” said Dr Black. “Science will always need people”.
The startups edition
The Station is a weekly newsletter dedicated to all things transportation. Sign up here — just click The Station — to receive it every Saturday in your inbox.
Hello and welcome back to The Station, a newsletter dedicated to all the present and future ways people and packages move from Point A to Point B. I’m your host Kirsten Korosec, senior transportation reporter at TechCrunch.
For all the U.S. readers here, I hope you are enjoying the holiday weekend.
I am mixing up the format this week because I am in charge here, it’s a holiday and I don’t want this newsletter to get too formulaic. So today, the newsletter will highlight a few mobility startups as well as some of their ideas that don’t typically get a lot of attention.
For those who plan to road trip this summer — or perhaps you already have — I would love to hear what it’s like out there. Figures from peer-to-peer RV rental marketplace RVshare suggest it’s crowded.
Folks over at RVshare, a peer-to-peer RV rental marketplace, told me that rental bookings are three times higher than last summer and report a 1,600% increase since early April.
“July 4th weekend is on pace to be the biggest booking period in the history of the business, by a wide margin,” CEO Jon Gray said.
Remember please reach out and email me at firstname.lastname@example.org to share thoughts, criticisms, offer up opinions or tips. You can also send a direct message to me at Twitter — @kirstenkorosec.
Alrighty then, vamos.
The COVID-19 pandemic has crushed startups and established companies alike. Others, like Lectric eBikes have had a more fortuitous couple of quarters thanks to spiking demand for bikes during the pandemic.
The one-year-old startup based in Arizona has been swept up in the electric bike craze. The company, co-founded by 24-year-olds Levi Conlow and Robby Deziel, has generated more than $14 million in sales of its Lectric XP ebike.
Now the startup is launching a new ebike called the ‘Lectric XP Step-Thru’. Pre-orders began last week. The $899 step-thru bike folds to less than half of its size, has a top speed of 28 miles per hour, an LCD display and a 25- to 50-mile range.
Meanwhile, the better-known Rad Power Bikes has unveiled a single-speed electric bike that starts at $999. The new product, called RadMission Electric Motor Bike, comes with a 500-watt motor that provides 50 pound feet of torque, a twist grip throttle, an integrated brake light that is powered using the main battery pack, 48-volt battery pack that can travel between 25 to 45-mile range.
It’s under 50 pounds, making it 30% lighter than Rad Power’s other bikes. The bike also comes with an LED control panel where riders can control lights and pedal assistance as well as view battery and assist levels. Pre-orders are open and the company says the first Rad Mission bikes will be delivered in October.
Zoov, a French electric bike-sharing platform, unveiled this week a new charging station that it says improves upon traditional docking systems. The station is designed to fit four bikes within one meter compared to other systems that can only fit one bike in the same amount of space. It can also charge bikes with or without a connection to the grid. The stations that are not tied to the grid use batteries that can be swapped out and can and be set up quickly, the company says.
One of the more interesting innovations is that the bikes create a shared power connection. As bikes are parked at the station they become connected and can deliver or receive power. The transfer of energy between the bikes is controlled by an algorithm that optimizes the bikes’ charge levels – the maximum charge range is about 45 kilometers.
Each station has the capacity for up to 15 bikes. The company said it has already installed 40 of these stations.
I’ve been tracking the ideas and little inventions that have popped up in the past several months amid the COVID-19 pandemic. There are an abundance of little “solutions” out there, some better than others. I’ll call these out from time to time.
For instance, Nickelytics, a startup out of the latest TechStars Mobility cohort, has put a slightly modern spin on the old game of advertising on and in vehicles. The company puts ads on ride-share vehicles that travel at least 30 miles a day. It promises drivers can earn up to $500 a month. The startup’s pitch to companies is that it uses tracking technology to log each “impression,” meaning the passenger who hailed a ride. It takes that data and targets those consumers with digital ads.
The company has launched a new product that it calls “ad shield.” The idea is to protect ride-share drivers and passengers, while generating revenue. This isn’t a new idea. Anyone who has been in a taxicab in a dense urban area has certainly encountered the more permanent and robust shields set up between the front and back seats as a safety measure.
The Nickelytics ad shield is designed for ride-share, however. The plexiglass, which can be branded with a company logo or other marketing message, is flexible and can be quickly added or removed from a ride share vehicle.
A couple of transportation-related apps that are focused on safety caught my eye recently. The first is a company called !important that launched their safety app last month. The app markets itself as protection for pedestrians, bicyclists, wheelchair users, and motorcyclists from collisions with nearby connected vehicles.
Here’s the basic premise, which the app’s inventor Bastien Beauchamp, explained to me recently: the app runs in the background and acts as another sensor that will communicate with a nearby “connected car” to provide the exact location of a pedestrian or cyclist. The driver receives an alert of the approaching person. The app may even trigger the vehicle’s brakes automatically. There are a couple of catches here. The vehicle has to have an advanced driver assistance systems and the accompanying !important software for it to work. And for this to be really meaningful, Beauchamp will have to convince automakers to integrate the software into their vehicles as well as get pedestrians, cyclists and other folks to download the app.
It’s early days for !important. But Beauchamp has already made some progress. The app will be implemented starting in January 2021 in human-driven and autonomous vehicles in Reno as part of the Intelligent Mobility initiative in collaboration with the Nevada Center for Applied Research at the University of Nevada.
!Important is also in collaboration with 12 universities
Now let’s turn to the drivers. Openroad is a free app, which launched in January 2020. that detects car crashes and sends emergency responders if they’re needed. The app is only available on iOS and is coming to Android soon.
The app grew out of True Motion, a company founded in 2012 that developed a smartphone telematics platform for insurance companies. Insurance companies can use the platform to capture driving data and then offer their customers incentives for good driving behavior.
Open Road was designed as a consumer app. The app uses machine learning to detect crashes in real time and will reach out to trained responders who can send a 911 call for ambulance or police if that is needed. The data can also be used to speed up the insurance claims process for the user.
Open Road recently added an emergency contacts feature that’ll notify a couple of designated people in the event of a crash as well as a Siri Shortcut. If a user says “Hey Siri, Request Crash Assistance” one of the Open Road trained agents will call the user immediately. The app also audio alert feature where if the user is in a crash, audio alert is triggered from their phone to let them know agents are calling.
Normally, I would break each of these out into different sections and provide some analysis and even original reporting. This week, I’m providing a mini version of my typical newsletter. Keep on reading for an overview of what happened this past week.
The big micromobility news this week comes from the UK, where the Department for Transport announced that it allow e-scooter rental companies to legally operate across the country. This will be a pilot program that will start no later than August. Councils and other authorities, including across London and other major cities, are working on putting together trials that could run for as long as 12 months under guidelines provided by the government.
The regulations come into force on July 4, the DfT said, with the first trials expected to begin a week later.
European micromobility company Dott reached out to let me know that it has earned approval from UK regulators to participate in the e-scooter trial. Tier Mobility is also prepped and ready. The two-year-old startup has more than 1,000 scooters in its UK warehouse. It has also hired a general manager for the UK and a head of public policy for Northern Europe. Fred Jones is the general manager for the UK and Benjamin Bell will lead public policy for Northern Europe. Both Jones and Bell formerly worked at Uber . Jones will oversee the roll-out of TIER e-scooters in UK towns and cities. While, Bell will spearhead the company’s collaboration with central and local government in the run-up to trials.
Meanwhile, Jump bikes returned to London through its new owner Lime. London is the first city in Europe to see Jump bikes return since Uber offloaded the company to Lime in a complex deal that unfolded in May. Lime raised $170 million in a funding round led by Uber, along with other existing investors Alphabet, Bain Capital Ventures and GV. As part of the deal, Lime acquired Jump, the electric bike and scooter division that Uber acquired in 2018 for around $200 million.
Earlier this year, thousands of Jump bikes were pulled off the streets in European cities such as Berlin, Brussels, Lisbon, London, Madrid, Malaga, Munich, Paris, Rome and Rotterdam. It’s unlikely that Lime will put Jump bikes back in all of these cities. Sources have said Lime plans to redeploy Jump scooters and bikes in London, Paris, Rome and Barcelona.
AVs and connectivity
BMW showed off what its new Operating System 7 software can do. Some of its ideas around deploying upgrades and features has been a bit controversial. The company said all cars equipped with its newest “Operating System 7” software will be able to receive over-the air updates and plans to charge customers who want to upgrade certain features like adding heated seats or advanced driver assistance systems.
Lyft’s self-driving vehicle division has restarted testing on public roads in California, several months after pausing operations amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Some of its autonomous vehicles are back on the road in Palo Alto and at its closed test track. The company has not resumed a pilot program that provided rides to Lyft employees in Palo Alto.
TuSimple laid out a plan to create a mapped network of shipping routes and terminals designed for autonomous trucking operations that will extend across the United States by 2024. UPS, which owns a minority stake in TuSimple, carrier U.S. Xpress, Penske Truck Leasing and Berkshire Hathaway’s grocery and food service supply chain company McLane Inc. are the inaugural partners in this so-called autonomous freight network (AFN).
Velodyne Lidar, the leading supplier of a sensor widely considered critical to the commercial deployment of autonomous vehicles, struck a deal to merge with special-purpose acquisition company Graf Industrial Corp., with a market value of $1.8 billion. Yup, another SPAC!
Daimler deepened a strategic partnership with Chinese battery cell manufacturer Farasis Energy, a deal that includes taking an equity stake of about 3%. Daimler Greater China will investing a multi-million euro amount as part of Farasis’ IPO, as part of the agreement.
EV startups in China haven’t fared so well, Automotive News reported. In June alone, at least three startups ceased operations, including Bordrin and Byton.
Lucid Motors announced that its upcoming the Air vehicle will boast a drag coefficient of 0.21, which measures the resistance of an object moving through a fluid environment, CNET’s Roadshow reported.
Rivian released a few photos of its electric truck. I put this question to the Twitterverse: what color is this? What do you think? I think the best answer might have been Werther’s Original.
Tesla has opened up reservations for its all-electric Cybertruck to customers in China, a move that will test the market’s appetite for a massive, futuristic truck. The Cybertruck, which was unveiled in November at the Tesla Design Center in Hawthorne, Calif., isn’t expected to go into production until late 2022. But that hasn’t stopped thousands of U.S. consumers to plunk down a $100 refundable deposit for the truck. Now, Tesla is testing potential interest among Chinese consumers.
Tesla also reported its delivery and production numbers for the second quarter. Tesla delivered 90,650 vehicles in the second quarter, a 4.8% decline from the same period last year prompted by challenges caused by the COVID-19 pandemic that included suspending production for weeks at its main U.S. factory. Tesla still managed to beat expectations despite the headwinds.
Chinese EV manufacturer Xpeng Motors has started nationwide delivery of its P7 electric sports sedan to customers. The automaker received its official production license May 19 from China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology for its new factory, the Zhaoqing Xpeng Motors Intelligent Industrial Park, in Xpeng’s home Guangdong Province. Production of the P7 at Xpeng’s Zhaoqing plant has an annual capacity of 100,000 units.
Daimler is looking to sell its Smart car assembly plant in Hambach, France as part of a broad restructuring plan aimed at shoring up the company’s finances amid dampening demand caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The sale will cause negative one-time effect of about 500 million euros ($562 million) in the second quarter.
Jaguar Land Rover set up a subscription service called Pivotal, which is backed by the automaker’s venture capital and mobility services arm called InMotion. The subscription will give customers access to Jaguar and Land Rover models, including the All-electric Jaguar I-PACE and the latest plug-in hybrids Range Rover Evoque and Land Rover Discovery Sport.
Lincoln will end production of Continental at the end of the year.
“Lincoln is investing in growth segments and the brand will feature a full portfolio of SUVs, including a fully electric vehicle in the future,” the company said in a statement emailed to TechCrunch. “Lincoln will continue to keep its newest SUVs fresh and we will have more news to share later this year; however, as the full-size premium sedan segment continues to decline in the U.S., we plan to end production of the Lincoln Continental at the end of this year.”
To meet the needs of Chinese luxury customers, Lincoln China will offer a 2021 model year Continental next year, the company said.
Uber reportedly made an offer to buy food delivery service Postmates, reported The New York Times. Just a day after that news broke, other reports claimed that Postmates was reviving its IPO plans and possibly looking to go public with the help of a special purpose acquisition vehicle known as a SPAC.
For Postmates, a company caught somewhere between DoorDash’s cash-fueled rise and Uber’s ability to lose hundreds of millions on its Uber Eats delivery service every quarter, multiple options are likely welcome. Alex Wilhelm digs in.
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